Caetano C. R. Penna, PhD is Senior Research Fellow at the Utrecht University Centre for Global Challenges (Netherlands) and Adjunct Professor (on leave) at the Institute of Economics of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Dr. Penna also acts as expert advisor to the Technology Directorate of the Rio de Janeiro science, technology and innovation agency FAPERJ. He holds a doctorate in science and technology policy studies from SPRU, University of Sussex (United Kingdom), a master's degree in technological governance from the TalTech University (Estonia) and a bachelor's degree in economics from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.